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Dharam Dev Anand, better known as Dev Anand, is an Indian Hindi Cinema actor, director and film producer. The Government of India awarded Dev Anand with the Padma Bhushan in 2001 and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 2002 for his contributions towards Indian cinema. Dev got his first big break as the lead hero in the film, `Ziddi` (1948), co-starring Kamini Kaushal, which became a success. In 1949, Dev turned producer and launched his own company Navketan, which continues to produces movies. Dev chose to rely on Guru Dutt as director for the crime thriller, `Baazi` (1951). The collaboration was a success at the box office. He also played a few characters with a negative shade, in films including `Jaal` (1952). His films `Rahee` and `Aandhiyan`, were screened there along with Raj Kapoor's `Awaara`. In the same year, `Taxi Driver` was declared a hit. His first film in colour, `Guide`, with Waheeda Rehman, was an acclaimed movie. Though his maiden attempt at direction, `Prem Pujari`, flopped, he tasted success with his 1971 directorial effort, `Hare Rama Hare Krishna`.
Since his 1978 hit `Des Pardes`, his subsequent films in the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s failed to do well at the box office. His most recent film appearance was in `Mr Prime Minister` in 2005. In September 2007, Dev's own autobiography "Romancing with Life" was released at a birthday party with the Indian Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh.
Dev Anand married heroine Kalpana Kartik aka Mona Singha and the two share a son, Suneil Anand. His elder brother, Chetan Anand, and younger brother, Vijay Anand, were film directors. His sister, Sheel Kanta Kapur, is the mother of the renowned Hindi and English film director, Shekhar Kapur.