Seema Biswas is an Indian film and theatre actress from Assam who shot into prominence with the role of Phoolan Devi in Shekhar Kapur's film `Bandit Queen` (1994), for which she won the 1996 National Film Award for Best Actress. She won the 2000 Sangeet Natak Akademi Award and the 2006 Best Actress Genie Award for her role as Shakuntala in Deepa Mehta's 'Water' (2005).
Seema Biswas acted as the heroine in Kishan Kartha's 'Amshini' (Hindi) which entered the Indian Panorama Section of Filmotsav 1988. However, the general belief is that Biswas debuted after Shekhar Kapur watched her perform in 'Khubsurat Bahu', a play produced by NSD Repertory Company, and offered her a role in 'Bandit Queen'. Although she had earlier acted in Assamese cinema this was her first big break into Hindi cinema, and she arrived with a bang.
Rooted firmly in theatre, she refuses to be typecast,. and has worked in a variety of films and character roles. She has also worked in a number of Marathi, Malayalam, and Tamil films. Some of her Marathi films are 'Bindhast', 'Dhyaas Parwa', 'Lalbaug-Parel'. She has been honoured with the Life Membership of International Film And Television Club of Asian Academy Of Film & Television by the Director Sandeep Marwah. Biswas was born in Nalbari, Assam, to Jagdish and Meera Biswas. She studied Political Science at Nalbari College, and later joined the National School of Drama, New Delhi. After graduating from NSD in 1984, she joined the NSD Repertory Company.